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Best Philosophy Books

Recommendations from 32 articles, Barack Obama, Ellen DeGeneres, Jimmy Fallon and 193 others.
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Meditations
Marcus Aurelius - Apr 07, 2020 (first published in 180)
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The Meditations are a set of personal reflections by Marcus Aurelius. He writes about the vicissitudes of his own life and explores how to live wisely and virtuously in an unpredictable world.Part of the Macmillan Collector's Library; a series of stunning, clothbound, pocket sized classics with gold foiled edges and ribbon markers. These beautiful ...
The Republic
Plato - Mar 01, 2012 (first published in 375)
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Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors, this classic text is an enquiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual within it. During the conversation, other questions are raised: what is goodness?; what is reality?; and what is knowledge? The Republic also addresses the purpose of...
Beyond Good and Evil
Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future
Friedrich Nietzsche - Feb 28, 2018 (first published in 1886)
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Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil is translated from the German by R.J. Hollingdale with an introduction by Michael Tanner in Penguin Classics.Beyond Good and Evil confirmed Nietzsche's position as the towering European philosopher of his age. The work dramatically rejects the tradition of Western thought with its notions of truth and God,...
Recommended by
Jordan Peterson
Tao Te Ching
Lao Tzu - Apr 28, 2020 (first published in 600)
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A lucid translation of the well-known Taoist classic by a leading scholar-now in a Shambhala Pocket Library edition. Written more than two thousand years ago, the Tao Teh Ching, or -The Classic of the Way and Its Virtue, - is one of the true classics of the world of spiritual literature. Traditionally attributed to the legendary -Old Master, - Lao ...
The Nicomachean Ethics
Aristotle - Jul 15, 2009 (first published in 340)
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'Happiness, then, is the best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world.'In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle's guiding question is: what is the best thing for a human being? His answer is happiness, but he means, not something we feel, but rather a specially good kind of life. Happiness is made up of activities in which we use the best human c...
Letters from a Stoic
Lucius Annaeus Seneca - Jul 30, 1969 (first published in 1964)
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The power and wealth which Seneca the Younger (c.4 B.C. - A.D. 65) acquired as Nero's minister were in conflict with his Stoic beliefs. Nevertheless he was the outstanding figure of his age. The Stoic philosophy which Seneca professed in his writings, later supported by Marcus Aurelius, provided Rome with a passable bridge to Christianity. Seneca's...
A History of Western Philosophy
Bertrand Russell - Oct 30, 1967 (first published in 1945)
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Since its first publication in 1945 Lord Russell's A History of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed as the outstanding one-volume work on the subject—unparalleled in its comprehensiveness, its clarity, its erudition, its grace and wit. In seventy-six chapters he traces philosophy from the rise of Greek civilization to the emergence of...
Recommended by
Sam Harris
Critique of Pure Reason
Immanuel Kant - Jan 29, 2008 (first published in 1781)
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'The purpose of this critique of pure speculative reason consists in the attempt to change the old procedure of metaphysics and to bring about a complete revolution'...
Meditations on First Philosophy
Rene Descartes - Jun 13, 2010 (first published in 1641)
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Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes is widely considered to be one of the top philosophical books of all time. For many, Meditations on First Philosophy is required reading for various courses and curriculums. And for others who simply enjoy reading timeless pieces of classic philosophical literature, this gem by Rene Descartes is hig...
Five Dialogues
Plato - Sep 30, 2002 (first published in 385)
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The second edition of Five Dialogues presents G. M. A. Grube's distinguished translations, as revised by John Cooper for Plato, Complete Works (Hacket, 1997). Cooper has also contributed a number of new or expanded footnotes and updated Suggestions for Further Reading....
On the Shortness of Life by Seneca
The Obstacle Is the Way by Ryan Holiday
The Symposium by Plato
Fragments by Heraclitus
A Little History of Philosophy by Nigel Warburton
The Art of War by Sun Tzu
Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre
Confessions by Saint Augustine
The Essential Epicurus by Epicurus
The Problems of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell
The Analects by Confucius
The Daily Stoic by Ryan Holiday
Justice by Michael J. Sandel
Montaigne by Michel de Montaigne
Ego Is the Enemy by Ryan Holiday
The Gay Science by Friedrich Nietzsche
At the Existentialist Café by Sarah Bakewell
The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays by Albert Camus
The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir
Discourses and Selected Writings by Epictetus
Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche
The Stranger by Albert Camus
A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume
Think by Simon Blackburn
What Does It All Mean? by Thomas Nagel
Gödel, Escher, Bach by Douglas R. Hofstadter
The Denial of Death by Ernest Becker
The Dhammapada by Eknath Easwaran
The Book by Alan Watts
The World as Will and Representation, Vol. 1 by Arthur Schopenhauer
Art of Living by Epictetus
Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky
How to Think Like a Roman Emperor by Donald Robertson
The Power of Now by Eckhart Tolle
Reasons and Persons by Derek Parfit
Essays and Aphorisms by Arthur Schopenhauer
Discourses, Fragments, Handbook by Epictetus
On the Genealogy of Morals by Friedrich Nietzsche
Nature and Selected Essays by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Rome's Last Citizen by Rob Goodman
Metaphysics by Aristotle
Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse
The Last Days of Socrates by Plato
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus by Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ethics by Benedictus de Spinoza
The Little Book of Stoicism by Jonas Salzgeber
The Practicing Stoic by Ward Farnsworth
Being and Time by Martin Heidegger
Three Philosophical Dialogues by Anselm
The Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius
Thomas Aquinas by Thomas Aquinas
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman by Mary Wollstonecraft
Philosophy by Nigel Warburton
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke
Philosophy by Nigel Warburton
The Book of Joy by Dalai Lama
A Guide to the Good Life by William B. Irvine
Tao of Jeet Kune Do by Bruce Lee
The Laws of Human Nature by Robert Greene
Be Here Now by Ram Dass
Stillness Is the Key by Ryan Holiday
The Upanishads by Eknath Easwaran
Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind by Shunryu Suzuki
A Path with Heart by Jack Kornfield
The Big Picture by Sean Carroll
Philosophical Investigations by Ludwig Wittgenstein
The Mahabharata by Anonymous
Either/Or by Soren Kierkegaard
The Book of Disquiet by Fernando Pessoa
This Is Water by David Foster Wallace
Awareness by Anthony de Mello
The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt
Enlightenment Now by Steven Pinker
Hope for the Flowers by Trina Paulus
Life 3.0 by Max Tegmark
The Law by Frédéric Bastiat
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by Sri Swami Satchidananda
The Beginning of Infinity by David Deutsch
Homo Deus by Yuval Noah Harari
When Nietzsche Wept by Irvin D. Yalom
Plato by Plato
As a Man Thinketh by James Allen
Seeking Wisdom by Peter Bevelin
Understanding Power by Noam Chomsky
The True Believer by Eric Hoffer